African American Poetry (1870-1928): A Digital Anthology


Poems that use the Villanelle form by African American poets. 

Lewis Turco, in The Book of Forms, defines the Villanelle as follows: 

“The French villanelle, like the terzanelle, is a poem of five triplet stanzas and a concluding quatrain, but it turns on only two rhymes. Lines one and three of triplet one are refrains, the first of which reappears as lines 6, 12, and 18; the second reappears as lines 9, 15, and 19: A1bA2 abA1 abA2 abA1 abA2 abA1A2 or, sometimes, in reverse order:abA2 A1. Every line is the same metrical length.” (Turco, 2020: p. 368)


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