The Kiplings and India: A Collection of Writings from British India, 1870-1900

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) is widely thought of as the founder of modern nursing. Her work -- both as a nurse and as a journalist -- in the Crimean war was widely influential, and led to the establishment of the first secular school of nursing in London in 1860. 

Starting in the early 1860s, Nightingale took an interest in health issues in British India. She wrote early essays lamenting the state of Indian sanitation. In 1878, she wrote an influential essay for The Nineteenth Century called "The People of India," which called the government of India to account for its failure to seriously take on the suffering and death in the Madras Famine of 1876-1878. 

See an extract from "The People of India" here

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